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metromatinee.com Bags the BEST ONLINE MEDIA AWARD of IFFK 2011 - Kerala State Chalachitra Academy

HISTORY : MALAYALAM FILM

history

Film Society Movement in Kerala

The Film Society Movement, which started in 1960s and gained momentum during the 1970s, brought in a new consciousness about cinema as an art form and stood for a different kind of cinema, which was termed as 'parallel', 'newwave' or 'art' cinema. Contrary to other parts of India, this movement was never an urban phenomenon, but something that cut across all terrains and sections of society. At a point of time, the great classics of World Cinema reached even the rural Kerala and discussions on them were held at the layman's level.

The 'Chitralekha Film Society' formed under the leadership of Adoor Gopalakrishnan and Kulathoor Bhaskaran Nair in 1965 at Trivandrum, was the first Film Society in Kerala, though even before this there was an attempt at Trissur to form a Film Club, namely the Trissur Film Club in 1955. 'Chitralekha' also did work towards formation of Film Societies in Schools and Colleges and also succeed in setting up a film studio of its own. Soon Film Societies were formed at other parts of Kerala.

The Naxalbari agitations, student revolt in Paris, Vietnam war and the hippie movement formed the general ambience of the 1970s. This agitated environment combined with Malayalam literary scene, which was already vibrant with the new 'modernist' ideas became the foundation for the spread of Film Societies all over Kerala during the 1970s. More that a hundred Film Societies sprouted all over Kerala, of which some of them have completed more than 25 year now. Even today, Kerala has the largest number of Film Societies in India and still trying to create awareness about cinema as a serious art form.

Among the Film Societies of Kerala, the 'Odessa' experiment, started by John Abraham, stands apart from all the experiments in various ways. It never had a formal legal structure or any political backing. Its attempt was to attack the problem comprehensively at all levels - exhibition, distribution and production, by ensuring people's participation in all its activities. But with the untimely demise of John Abraham, 'Odessa' movement started waning.
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MOVIE HISTORY

Malayalam Film History

Indian Film History

The Indian film industry is the oldest and the largest in the world with over 1200 movies ....

The Legacy of Visual Culture

Even much before the arrival of cinema, the people of Kerala were familiar with ....

Balan :The First Talkie

Indian cinema had already entered the talkie age even before Marthandavarma was ....

Jeevithanouka - 1951

Jeevithanouka was a turning point for Malayalam cinema. This highly dramatic musical ....

1954 - 1955

Through Neelakuyil Malayalam cinema for the first time had an authentic Malayalam story ....

New Sensibilities

Even though Malayalam cinema right from the first talkie, Balan ventured into social themes ....

The Growth: 1960 - 1965

After the success of Neelakuyil, films with authentic Malayalam stories set in the ....

Malayalam New Wave

The growth of film society movement and the screenings of world classics forced a drastic ....

Film Society Movement

The Film Society Movement, which started in 1960s and gained momentum during the 1970s ....

Commercial Cinema

Popular cinema of Malayalam rarely tried to adopt the language of cinema till the 1980s ....

Film Festival

Popular cinema of Malayalam rarely tried to adopt the language of cinema till the 1980s ....
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